Thursday, April 25, 2019
International Law Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1250 words
What International uprightness Is - Essay ExampleIn an interesting twist of paradox, despite the permeative and dynamic nature of supranational law, there has never been any lawmaking organ for the same. On the contrary, international law is a culmination of international accords, compromises, charters, conventions, agreements, protocols, memoranda, tribunals, and treaties. The history of international law can be traced as far back as 1815 when Austrias prince Klemens W. von Metternich led other leading diplomats such as Frances Prince Talleyrand, Britains Duke of Wellington, Russias Tsar Alexander I, and Prussias King Frederick William into the Metternich System. This congressional approach to diplomacy is rather known as the Concert of Europe or the Congress System. From this development, international relations is seen to have developed, as Britain, Russia, Prussia, France and other players met in succeeding convents in the Congress of Vienna and Aix la Chappelle (1818). Imperi alism and the quest to realize as many colonies as possible created the need to meet and draw out laws that would regulate how states related, blush as they clamored for colonies. It is at this point that colonies and protectorates geopolitical boundaries were mapped out during the 1884-5 Berlin Conference to stave off the possibility of state of war in Europe over colonies. In this conference, the frameworks for public international law were laid, albeit in a conflicting sense. The League of Nations also served as a rallying point for international law, as states came together nether its auspices to prevent a repeat of World War I. Of particular importance is Woodrow Wilsons 14 Points, which strongly laid foundation for international trade, diplomacy, territorial integrity (in relation to the sea, land, and air), and human rights and freedoms among other principles. Although Wilsons proposals were not adopted fully, one can see that they greatly upheld public and private inter national law. As time proved the goals of the League of Nations untenable, the united Nations came up on June 26th, 1945, to facilitate international law, security, and socio-economic development. Over time, the United Nations has come to be the key platform upon which international law and diplomacy are deliberated, entrenched, and ratified. The UN has mechanisms that deal with thematic issues such as treaties, the law of seas, progressive development, and codification of international law and the internal justice organization of the UN. Likewise, the UN has international courts and tribunals, legal training, resources, centers, and UN bodies to preside over international legal matters. Some of these bodies include the International Law Commission, the General Assembly Sixth Committee, and the UN Commission on International Trade Law (Rabkin, 2005). Together with main(a) states, all these organs play a crucial role in the generation of international law. essential differences be tween municipal (domestic) and international law abound. While municipal law governs intra-state relations, international law does inter-state relations. Secondly, the psyche goal of municipal law is to ensure the existence of judicial and legislative systems that can enforce laws and turn up disputes effectively, on the one hand.