Thursday, January 24, 2019
Counter Culture Essay
IntroductionFrom a moral standpoint, fond jobs harm people and from a democratic standpoint, cordial problems harm the well-being of citizens. In rundown to that, from a societal standpoint, kindly problems threaten the juicy functioning of society.A social problem is said to exist to the extent that around malfunction is detect in society. This malfunction might be an in ableity (e.gwith the same cultivation and experience women exonerate only active 80% of what men earn in the labor force), a poor allocation of resources (e.g poor environgenial stewardship), power (e.g domestic violence, rape, violent plague), or an inefficient organizational constitution (e.g too much or too little being played out on social services). The social evils that ar plaguing our society today could simply be catalogued, they are uncountable in the true sense of the assertion. Among the prominent social problems are the escalating crime waves , religious intolerance , disrespect for elde rs , laziness and lateness of obligation , widespread of diseases , ostentatious spending, abortion, pre marital pregnancy, elope (run off secretly to be married and usually without the consent or knowledge of ones parent), disciplinary problem, psychological problem, slow down development of the country, and alcohol wasting disease .These are the effects of our social problem among Malaysian juvenility. Sociologists provoke lay many aspects of society that might be considered to be social problems. It is the determine held by the majority of citizens (in a democracy) that define what is a social problem (e.gIs denial of same-sex marriages a problem?). Social problems are identified as much(prenominal) partly with respect to their perceived effect on the productive functioning of society. Social problems evict be intemperate to let on (e.gWhat is the scientific evidence that same-sex marriages or the prohibition of them exit harm society?). Sociologists implement the con sensus, conflict, and interactionist perspectives to examine these conditions of potential drop social problems.Risk Factors for Social ProblemsRisk agentive role is defined as a factor which increases the chances of social problems beyond control. in that respect are different venture factors for social problems among youth such as biological, psychological and social. Social risk factors include unemployment, disturbed family environment, unavailability of educational opportunities, availability of drugs in locality, law and drift situation.Environmental/social risk factors are increasing the chances of using drugs among youth. A juvenilityster who is disturbed beca work of his family environment depart spend time out side of his home, sitting with friends who discount offer him drugs. Handling peer pres incontestable will be difficult for him, as a result, he will be ready to use drug.A youngster deprived of educational opportunities and economic resources whitethor n be at great risk of using drugs. His disappointment from social problems will produce images of drugs in his mind as the suitable source of acquiring rid of his problems. Easy availability of drugs/substance in his locality will further serve to increase his craving for drugs.Also the principal and behavioral factors link up with youth violence are hypersensitivity, impulsiveness, poor behavioural control, economic aid problems, history of early aggressive behaviour and low educational achievement. Associating with guilty peers has also been linked to violence in young people. Gangs and a local supply of guns and drugs are a potent mixture, increasing the likelihood of youth violence. Low level of social cohesion within familiarity has been linked to higher rates social problems.Cultures that do non provide non-violent alternatives for re knead conflicts appear to have higher rates of social problems too. For most young people, the offend behaviour is part of begeting up, of testing the limits, of taking risks, of assert their independence. It may also be an indication of boredom and the absence of anything useable or meaningful to do. It may be a reflection of that clownish stage of life where one expressions conveyn up but not able to participate fully in the world of adults. Generally, the offenses that they commit are relatively minor and decrease in frequency as they grow older, mature and find a way to participate in and reach to society.Ways to overcome social problemsThe role of parents is crucial in fully grown serious attention to their children. Parents must consider the movements of their children. Parents should always know and identify the problems faced by their children and are willing to take the time to solve the problem. Parents also should know their childs friends and always make sure their children make friends and socialize with those who have well in morally. In addition parents must spend part of daily time with childr en by well-favored them confidence, courage, creating confirmatory attitudes towards issues, emotions and decisions. Anformer(a) common set of prevention strategies addressing youth violence focuses on early intervention with children and families. Such designmes provide parents with information about child development and teach them how to effectively discipline, monitor and supervise children, as well as how to manage family conflict and improve communication. Parent and family -based interventions are among the most promising strategies for producing long-term reductions in youth violence.2. Academic approach. This can be done by adding activities based on academic and semi-academics activities such as extra-curricular in schools. Similarly, the changes in teaching techniques such as use of computer, video, audio-visual aid equipment and techniques of teaching outside the classroom should be implemented. 3. Establishing legal clay in the school. Provisions in the law school c ould create business concern among students, in addition to reducing the burden and responsibility of the school and the parents in monitoring discipline. 4. Law enforcement authorities like the police. Jurisdiction of the existing police should be used by school executives in the discipline of students. The administrator shall take the opportunity to refer their students problems to police. 5. Preventive measures should be held as appropriate counselling at school level. Counselling at school level is big in helping teenagers overcome their problems. This program will be more meaningful if the counsellors are qualified and undergo elected.6. Parents and Teachers Association (PTA) should play an important role more frequent meetings between parents, guardians and teachers should be held especially for students that influenced in social problems. Parents should discuss students problem with teacher and get ready to receive and advice from a teacher with an open and positive a ttitude. If one considers that ultimately we are concerned with the healthy development of adolescents in transition to adulthood, we must be concerned with the issues that obturate or impact on such transitions. Transition to adulthood includes synchronic transitions across several domains including post-secondary education or other work education training, labour force participation (or unemployment) independent living, marriage or cohabitation, and community living. Transition advantage is affected by many factors including mortalal characteristics, gender, family influences, exposure to role models, economic status, cultural influences, and the economic viability of the community in which the soulfulness functions.We also be mindful of the fact that adolescence occurs in a place setting with such factors as race, ethnicity, cultural customs, language, social views and practices, sexual orientation and sensual or learning disabilities all combining to make the transiti on experiences of virtually adolescents very different from others. While there has been a fair inwardness of work done on identifying risk factors that, if present, may increase the likelihood of a young persons involvement in crime or other negative behaviour problems, there has also been some work done on the development of programs that build on the sweetening of protective factors which may reduce the effects of exposure to risk factors and thence lower the chances a youth will develop serious anti-social or other behaviour problems or become a victim.. Protective factors may also divide into(1) Individual characteristics (i.e. high IQ, high level of resiliency and flexibility and a positive social attitude) (2) Social bonds ( notably warm, accessary and affective  relationships with parents and other adults) and (3) Social support including positive social skills and socially acceptable pattern of behavioural norms.Possession of problem-solving,Life and communication skills.Sociability, hot personality or temperamentA sense of belonging, secure attachments to positive parent(s) or family Positive relations with pro social peersAccess to other caring supportive adultsAppropriate disciplineLimit-setting and structure from parents,Opportunities to experience succeeder and build self esteemIn the context of transitions from adolescence to healthy adulthood, it is important to consider the notion of resilience as a young persons ability to cope in the presence of major hear or risk factors. They go on to suggest that resilience is a source of strength in young people created or nurtured by caring and effective parents or other adult caregivers, positive learning environments in schools and access to community resources. What is the value of having an assessment to identify potential risks and inescapably of young offenders? By object glassly identifying young persons who pose a higher risk of re-offending and the program interventions that are n eeded Assessments allow for a potentially more efficient and effective use of resources More objective and consistent decision makingEstablishing a baseline for monitoring a young offenders progressPeriodic reassessment of reconstructive effectivenessAppropriate targeting of program intervention to address the social problems factors associated with offending (risk-needs assessment) such asUse of appropriate modes of intervention based on social learning principlesA multiplicity of available interventions to address differing single needsConsistent application of interventions to ensure program integrity graphic symbol assurance of program design and delivery including training and recruiting appropriate ply Strong theoretical base or mission for the programWe should be careful not to suggest that a program has not been successful if a young person re-offends. While rehabilitative programs are knowing with a goal of reducing recidivism, it is essential that other forms of progra m success are included in the mix and not totally verify on measures of recidivism to determine success. We can reduce occasional or short-lived offending by young people by helping them worry with the stress associated with the turbulence of adolescence and finding ways of involving young people in useful and meaningful activities.Educational and recreational activities to which all have equal access and which are designed on the basis of the varied needs and interests of young people are important. Access to social services can help some young people and their families deal with problems which may be the offending behaviour. Given what we know about the correlation between poverty, mental health and opportunities, the economic security of young people and their families should also be a priority. These measures are all primary prevention strategies ways of creating healthier and ultimately safer communities.ConclusionThough social problems are recurrent issues in many so cieties all over the world, they can be predetermined and controlled by use of social studies. When we think of the many settings that have evolved over time, it becomes unpatterned that there can never be a permanent resultant to these social problems. Governments in affected regions try to curb socially impossible behaviour by regulating wealth and economy for citizens, thereby ensuring that notes distribution is constant and fluent enough to avoid situations where some feel exploited. More measures can be taken to avoid socially unsatisfactory behaviour like crime and drug use, thereby maintaining law and order in society. Society is the place where young generations are brought up and nurtured for future. If social problems are left to come up and establish themselves, the upcoming generations would grow up to become savage and barbaric citizen, destroying civilization that was once prosperous.